— Generated approximately 116 million MWh3 of electricity in 2012, a record and 23% more than 2011
— Held 2012 normal, recurring plant operating expense4 essentially flat, despite increased generation3, after accounting for prior period insurance reimbursements in 2011
— Delivered lowest annual fleetwide forced outage factor on record: 1.6%
— Achieved remarkable annual fleetwide starting reliability: 98.3%
— Entered into a new 10-year PPA with Tennessee Valley Authority to provide the full output of power from our Decatur Energy Center, commencing in January 2013
— Completed sales of Broad River and Riverside Energy Centers for approximately $829 million5
— Completed acquisition of Bosque Energy Center for approximately $432 million
— Completed previously announced share repurchase program, having repurchased approximately 35.6 million shares, or 7.25%6, of our outstanding common stock
— Announced authorization of $400 million additional share repurchases: cumulative authorized total now $1 billion
— Invested in future growth with development of approximately 1,600 MW of new combined-cycle power plants
Calpine Corporation (NYSE: CPN) today reported fourth quarter 2012 Adjusted EBITDA of $315 million, compared to $379 million in the prior year period, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow of $41 million, or $0.09 per diluted share, compared to $108 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Net Income1 for the fourth quarter was $100 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, compared to a Net Loss1 of $13 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Net Loss, As Adjusted2, for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $86 million compared to $43 million in the prior year period. The declines in fourth quarter Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Net Loss, As Adjusted2, in 2012 compared to 2011 were driven primarily by lower Commodity Margin, largely as a result of differences in the seasonal shaping of our hedging activity which tended to benefit the fourth quarter of 2011 more so than the comparable 2012 period.
Full year 2012 Adjusted EBITDA was $1,749 million, compared to $1,726 million in the prior year period, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow was $564 million, or $1.20 per diluted share, compared to $489 million, or $1.01 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Net Income1 for 2012 was $199 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared to a Net Loss1 of $190 million, or $0.39 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Net Income, As Adjusted2, for 2012 was $78 million compared to a Net Loss, As Adjusted2, of $13 million in 2011. The increases in 2012 Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Net Income, As Adjusted2, compared to 2011 were primarily due to higher Commodity Margin and lower interest expense resulting from our refinancing efforts.
“2012 was a breakout year for Calpine, as we capitalized on the secular shift toward greater utilization of combined-cycle gas turbines in the power generation industry,” said Jack Fusco, Calpine’s Chief Executive Officer. “We achieved record operating results, generating 116 million MWh – 23% more than last year. The increased generation was primarily due to our excellent power plant operations and unprecedented coal-to-gas switching. Overall, our business continues to be resilient across a wide range of natural gas prices.
“I want to thank our employees for their outstanding response to the increased utilization of our fleet and their success in concurrently decreasing major maintenance cost and holding plant operating expenses essentially flat. This was due in large part to our continued focus on operational excellence and preventative maintenance, which also yielded our lowest annual forced outage factor on record.
“2012 was an active year for allocating capital as well. We sold 1,450 MW at two plants in South Carolina and Wisconsin and redeployed more than half the proceeds to purchase an 800 MW plant in Texas, while also continuing to execute our share repurchase program. We originated more than 2,100 MW of long-term contracts with our customers. In addition, we are on track to bring approximately 1,600 MW of additional natural gas-fired capacity online in California, Texas and Delaware over the next two and a half years.
“Finally, we ended the year with more than $1 billion of excess cash. Based on the strength of our balance sheet at year-end and the completion early this year of our $600 million share repurchase program, our Board has authorized a $400 million increase to our share repurchase program. We will continue to balance this authorization against growth opportunities in order to maximize shareholder value.”
“We successfully delivered on our 2012 financial commitments with Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow of $1,749 million and $564 million, respectively, each of which was at the high end of our original guidance ranges,” said Zamir Rauf, Calpine’s Chief Financial Officer. “This resulted in a 19% increase in Adjusted Free Cash Flow Per Share to $1.20, which is also at the high end of our 15-20% compound annual growth rate target. Turning to 2013, based on the completion of our previously authorized $600 million share repurchase program, we are raising our Adjusted Free Cash Flow Per Share midpoint guidance to $1.50, which represents a 25% increase over 2012, while maintaining our full year Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Free Cash Flow guidance ranges.”
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
Fourth Quarter Results
Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $315 million, compared to $379 million in the prior year period. The year-over-year decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to a $38 million decrease in Commodity Margin and a $20 million increase in plant operating expense4. The decrease in Commodity Margin was primarily due to:
– lower contribution from hedges and
– expiration of contracts, particularly in our West and Southeast segments, some of which have since been recontracted, partially offset by
+ higher regulatory capacity revenue.
The increase in plant operating expense4 was primarily due to reimbursements for insurance claims from prior periods that disproportionately reduced our plant operating expense in the fourth quarter of 2011.
Net Income1 was $100 million for the fourth quarter of 2012, compared to a Net Loss1 of $13 million in the prior year period. As detailed in Table 1, Net Loss, As Adjusted2, was $86 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to $43 million in the prior year period. The year-over-year decline was driven largely by:
– lower Commodity Margin, as previously discussed and
– higher plant operating expense, as previously discussed, partially offset by
+ an income tax benefit primarily due to a decrease in state income taxes and a reduction in income tax expense related to the application of non-cash intraperiod tax allocations.
Full Year Results
Adjusted EBITDA in 2012 was $1,749 million compared to $1,726 million in 2011. The year-over-year increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to a $64 million increase in Commodity Margin, partially offset by a $26 million increase in plant operating expense4 and a $14 million increase in sales, general and administrative expense7. The increase in Commodity Margin was primarily due to:
+ higher contribution from hedges
+ higher generation in our Texas and North segments due to lower natural gas prices and higher generation in our West segment due to improved market conditions, less hydroelectric generation and a nuclear power plant outage in California during 2012 and
+ an extreme cold weather event in Texas that occurred in 2011 that resulted in unplanned outages at some of our power plants, negatively impacting our revenue in 2011, which did not reoccur in 2012, partially offset by
– lower regulatory capacity revenue and
– expiration of contracts, some of which have since been recontracted.
The increase in plant operating expense4 was primarily due to prior period insurance reimbursements that benefited 2011 compared to 2012, as previously discussed.
Net Income1 was $199 million in 2012, compared to a Net Loss1 of $190 million in 2011. As detailed in Table 1, Net Income, As Adjusted2, was $78 million in 2012, compared to Net Loss, As Adjusted2, of $13 million in 2011. The year-over-year improvement was driven largely by:
+ higher Commodity Margin, as previously discussed
+ lower interest expense, primarily resulting from a decrease in our annual effective interest rate and
+ lower income tax expense related to the application of intraperiod tax allocation and a decrease in various state and federal jurisdiction income taxes, partially offset by
– modestly higher plant operating expenses, as previously discussed.
7 Increase in sales, general and administrative expense excludes changes in stock-based compensation expense, amortization and other items. See the table titled “Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation” for the actual amounts of these items for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2012.
Fourth Quarter: Commodity Margin in our West segment decreased by $17 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:
– lower contribution from hedges and
– lower revenue due to the expiration of contracts, partially offset by
+ an increase in Commodity Margin on our open position driven by higher market spark spreads on higher generation volumes.
Full Year: Commodity Margin in our West segment decreased by $67 million in 2012 compared to 2011. Primary drivers were:
– lower contribution from hedges
– lower market power prices associated with our Geysers assets and
– lower revenue due to the expiration of contracts, partially offset by
+ an increase in Commodity Margin on our open position driven by higher market spark spreads and
+ increased generation driven primarily by improved market conditions, less hydroelectric generation and a nuclear power outage in California during 2012.
Fourth Quarter: Commodity Margin in our Texas segment decreased by $14 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:
– lower contribution from hedges and
– weak market pricing conditions due to mild weather.
Full Year: Commodity Margin in our Texas segment increased by $101 million in 2012 compared to 2011. Primary drivers were:
+ higher contribution from hedging activities that secured favorable pricing despite lower market prices driven by milder weather in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the prior year period
+ higher generation driven by lower natural gas prices in the first half of 2012 and
+ an extreme cold weather event in Texas in February 2011 that negatively impacted our Commodity Margin in the first quarter of the prior year, which did not recur in the current year.
Fourth Quarter: Commodity Margin in our North segment increased by $12 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the prior year period. Primary drivers were:
+ higher regulatory capacity revenues and
+ to a far lesser extent, increased generation.
Full Year: Commodity Margin in our North segment increased by $25 million in 2012 compared to 2011. Primary drivers were:
+ York Energy Center achieving commercial operation in March 2011
+ higher contribution from hedges and
+ increased generation driven by lower natural gas prices, partially offset by
–l ower regulatory capacity revenues and
– lower nodal pricing in PJM during 2012.
Fourth Quarter: Commodity Margin in our Southeast segment decreased by $19 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 compared to the prior year period. The primary drivers were:
- expiration of a PPA during the third quarter of 2012, which has since been recontracted, and
– lower contribution from hedges.
Full Year: Commodity Margin in our Southeast segment increased by $5 million in 2012 compared to 2011. Primary drivers were:
+ higher contribution from hedges and
+ higher generation resulting from lower natural gas prices, largely offset by
– the negative impact from the expiration of a PPA during the third quarter of 2012, which has since been recontracted.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Liquidity increased to approximately $2.3 billion as of December 31, 2012, up from approximately $2.0 billion at December 31, 2011.
Cash flows from operating activities in 2012 resulted in net inflows of $653 million compared to $775 million in 2011. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to an increase in cash paid for interest due to timing of interest payments on our debt and an increase in working capital driven by higher margin requirements.
Cash flows used in investing activities decreased to $470 million in 2012 compared to $836 million in 2011, driven largely by higher proceeds from the sales of our Broad River and Riverside Energy Centers, partially offset by the purchase of our Bosque Energy Center.
Cash flows used in financing activities were $151 million in 2012, driven largely by $463 million in share repurchases in 2012, partially offset by net proceeds from borrowing on our project debt facilities and our 2012 refinancing activities, as further described below.
Consistent with our efforts to optimize and simplify our capital structure, during 2012, we entered into an $835 million first lien term loan, the proceeds of which were used to redeem 10% (or approximately $590 million) of our senior secured notes and to retire variable rate project-level BRSP debt (approximately $218 million remaining balance). The term loan, which amortizes at a rate of 1% per year, matures in 2019. The term loan currently bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.25% per annum (subject to a LIBOR floor of 1.25%). This transaction is expected to produce annual interest savings of approximately $25 million.
Subsequently, in February 2013, we repriced approximately $2.5 billion of our first lien term loans, including the aforementioned $835 million term loan. This repricing lowers the term loans’ LIBOR floor by 0.25% to 1.0% and lowers their applicable margin by 0.25% to 3.0%. We estimate that this repricing will produce additional annual interest savings of approximately $12 million. We expect this transaction to close in the second half of February.
Adjusted Free Cash Flow was $564 million in 2012, compared to $489 million in 2011. Adjusted Free Cash Flow increased during the period primarily due to lower interest expense associated with our refinancing efforts, as well as a $23 million increase in Adjusted EBITDA, as previously discussed. Lower major maintenance expenditures related to our plant outage schedule further contributed to the improvement in Adjusted Free Cash Flow.
During the fourth quarter of 2012, we completed the following transactions that allowed us to strategically redeploy capital:
- the purchase of our Bosque Energy Center, an 800 MW modern, natural gas-fired combined-cycle power plant in Central Texas, for approximately $432 million, or $540/kW
- the sale of our Broad River Energy Center, an 847 MW natural gas-fired peaking power plant in South Carolina, for approximately $427 million5, or $504/kW and
- the sale of our Riverside Energy Center, a 603 MW combined-cycle power plant in Wisconsin, for approximately $402 million, or $667/kW.
Share Repurchase Program
On August 23, 2011, we announced that our Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of up to $300 million in shares of our common stock. In April 2012, our Board of Directors authorized us to double the size of our share repurchase program, increasing our permitted cumulative repurchases to $600 million in shares of our common stock. In early 2013, we completed this $600 million share repurchase program, having repurchased a total of approximately 35.6 million shares of our outstanding common stock at an average price paid of $16.87 per share. In February 2013, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $400 million in shares of our common stock, bringing the cumulative authorization total to $1.0 billion.
Russell City Energy Center: Construction at our Russell City Energy Center continues to move forward. Upon completion, this project will bring online approximately 429 MW of net interest baseload capacity (464 MW with peaking capacity) representing our 75% share. Construction is ongoing and COD is expected in the summer of 2013. Upon completion, the Russell City Energy Center is contracted to deliver its full output to PG&E under a 10-year PPA.
Los Esteros Critical Energy Facility: During 2009, we and PG&E negotiated a new PPA to replace the existing California Department of Water Resources contract and facilitate the upgrade of our Los Esteros Critical Energy Facility from a 188 MW simple-cycle generation power plant to a 309 MW combined-cycle generation power plant, which will also increase the efficiency and environmental performance of the power plant by lowering the heat rate. Construction is ongoing and COD is expected in the summer of 2013.
Channel and Deer Park Expansions: In September and November 2011, we filed air permit applications with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (“TCEQ”) and the EPA to expand the baseload capacity of the Deer Park and Channel Energy Centers by approximately 260 MW8 each. We received air permit approvals from the TCEQ for our Deer Park and Channel expansion projects in September and October 2012, respectively, and from the EPA in November 2012. Construction on these expansion projects commenced in the fourth quarter of 2012. We expect COD during the summer of 2014 for these expansions and are currently evaluating funding sources including, but not limited to, nonrecourse financing, corporate financing or internally generated funds.
Garrison Energy Center: We are actively permitting 618 MW of new combined-cycle capacity at a development site secured by a long-term lease with the City of Dover. For the first phase (309 MW), we have executed the Interconnection Services Agreement and the Interconnection Construction Services Agreement with PJM. For the second phase (309 MW), we have completed a feasibility study and are currently conducting a system impact study. Environmental permitting, site development planning and development engineering are underway, and the first phase’s capacity cleared PJM’s 2015/2016 base residual auction. We received the air permit and executed a preliminary notice to proceed with the engineering, procurement and construction agreement during the first quarter of 2013. We expect COD for the first phase by the summer of 2015 and are currently evaluating funding sources including, but not limited to, nonrecourse financing, corporate financing or internally generated funds.
Turbine Modernization: We continue to move forward with our turbine modernization program. Through December 31, 2012, we have completed the upgrade of eleven Siemens and eight GE turbines totaling over 200 MW and have committed to upgrade approximately three additional turbines.
8 Represents incremental baseload capacity at annual average conditions. Incremental summer peaking capacity is approximately 200 MW per unit, supplemented by incremental efficiencies across the balance of plant.
2012 Power Operations Achievements:
— Maintained stellar safety metrics
— Recognized for 10 years with no lost time incidents: Westbrook Energy Center, Pine Bluff Energy Center, Baytown Energy Center, Zion Energy Center, Tasley Energy Center, Missouri Avenue Energy Center, Crisfield Energy Center, Bayview Energy Center, Geysers plants – Aidlin, Sonoma, Cobb Creek, Quicksilver, Socrates
— Delivered lowest annual fleetwide forced outage factor on record: 1.6%
— Achieved an impressive full year fleetwide starting reliability: 98.3%
— Held normal, recurring plant operating expense4 essentially flat, despite a 23% increase in generation3, after accounting for prior period insurance reimbursements in 2011
— Provided more than 6 million MWh of renewable baseload generation with a remarkable 0.26% forced outage factor during 2012
Natural Gas-fired Generation:
— Increased combined-cycle capacity factor in 2012 to 52.3% compared to 42.6% in 2011
— Deer Park Energy Center: Produced 6.2 million MWh in 2012, the most by any individual plant in fleet history
2012 Commercial Operations Achievements:
— Entered into a 10-year PPA with Tennessee Valley Authority to provide the full output of power from our Decatur Energy Center, a natural gas-fired, combined-cycle power plant that can generate up to 795 MW, commencing in January 2013
— Entered into a 15-year PPA with Public Service Company of Oklahoma to provide 260 MW of capacity, energy and ancillary services from our Oneta Energy Center commencing in June 2016
— Entered into a five-year PPA with Southwestern Public Service Company to provide an additional 200 MW of capacity and energy from our Oneta Energy Center beginning June 2014
— Executed a new five-year resource adequacy contract with PG&E for approximately 280 MW of combined heat and power capacity from our Los Medanos Energy Center commencing in summer 2013
— Entered into a new seven-year resource adequacy contract with Southern California Edison Company (“SCE”) for approximately 280 MW of combined heat and power capacity from our Los Medanos Energy Center commencing in January 2014
— Executed a new five-year resource adequacy contract with SCE for approximately 120 MW of combined heat and power capacity from our Gilroy Cogeneration Plant commencing in January 2014
— Amended an existing PPA with Dow Chemical Company for an incremental energy sale of up to approximately 158,000 MWh per year of energy from our Los Medanos Energy Center that runs through February 2025
— Signed 20-year PPA with Western Farmers Electric Cooperative to provide 160 MW of power and capacity from our Oneta Energy Center beginning June 2014. The capacity under contract will increase in increments, up to a maximum of 280 MW in years 2019 through 2035.
As detailed above, today we are reaffirming our 2013 guidance. We project Adjusted EBITDA of $1,760 million to $1,960 million and Adjusted Free Cash Flow of $575 million to $775 million. Our guidance reflects all previously announced acquisition and divestiture activity, including the sales of Broad River and Riverside Energy Centers, and the purchase of Bosque Energy Center, each of which closed during the fourth quarter of 2012. We also expect to invest $250 million, net of debt funding, in growth-related projects during the year, including our Garrison Energy Center development project and the expansion of our Deer Park and Channel Energy Centers. (Though our construction projects at Russell City and Los Esteros continue into 2013, we met our equity contribution requirements on these projects in 2011, such that all costs incurred in 2013 will be funded from the project debt we have secured for these projects.)
INVESTOR CONFERENCE CALL AND WEBCAST
We will host a conference call to discuss our financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and full year 2012 on Wednesday, February 13, 2013, at 10 a.m. ET / 9 a.m. CT. A listen-only webcast of the call may be accessed through our website at www.calpine.com, or by dialing (800) 447-0521 in the U.S. or (847) 413-3238 outside the U.S. The confirmation code is 34044836. An archived recording of the call will be made available for a limited time on our website or by dialing (888) 843-7419 in the U.S. or (630) 652-3042 outside the U.S. and providing confirmation code 34044836. Presentation materials to accompany the conference call will be available on our website on February 13, 2013.
Calpine will be hosting an investor and analyst meeting on Wednesday, April 10, 2013, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. CT in Houston, Texas. Members of the Calpine management team will present their views on the company and its markets and provide updates on financial, regulatory and strategic initiatives. More information about the event, including online registration and a link to the live webcast, can be found on the Investor Relations section of our website at www.calpine.com.
Calpine Corporation generates more electricity than any other independent power producer in America, with a fleet of 92 power plants in operation or under construction, representing more than 27,000 megawatts of generation capacity in operation. Serving customers in 20 states and Canada, we specialize in developing, constructing, owning and operating natural gas-fired and renewable geothermal power plants that use advanced technologies to generate power in a low-carbon and environmentally responsible manner. Our clean, efficient, modern and flexible fleet is uniquely positioned to benefit from the secular trends affecting our industry, including the abundant and affordable supply of clean natural gas, stricter environmental regulation, aging power generation infrastructure and the increasing need for dispatchable power plants to successfully integrate intermittent renewables into the grid. We focus on wholesale competitive power markets and advocate for market-driven solutions that result in nondiscriminatory forward price signals for investors. Please visit www.calpine.com to learn more about why Calpine is a generation ahead – today.
Calpine’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and may be found on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
In addition to historical information, this release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this release. We use words such as “believe,” “intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “estimate,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include, among others, those concerning our expected financial performance and strategic and operational plans, as well as all assumptions, expectations, predictions, intentions or beliefs about future events. You are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that a number of risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:
Financial results that may be volatile and may not reflect historical trends due to, among other things, fluctuations in prices for commodities such as natural gas and power, changes in U.S. macroeconomic conditions, fluctuations in liquidity and volatility in the energy commodities markets and our ability to hedge risks;
Laws, regulation and market rules in the markets in which we participate and our ability to effectively respond to changes in laws, regulations or market rules or the interpretation thereof including those related to the environment, derivative transactions and market design in the regions in which we operate;
Our ability to manage our liquidity needs and to comply with covenants under our First Lien Notes, Corporate Revolving Facility, First Lien Term Loans, CCFC Notes and other existing financing obligations;
Risks associated with the operation, construction and development of power plants including unscheduled outages or delays and plant efficiencies;
Risks related to our geothermal resources, including the adequacy of our steam reserves, unusual or unexpected steam field well and pipeline maintenance requirements, variables associated with the injection of wastewater to the steam reservoir and potential regulations or other requirements related to seismicity concerns that may delay or increase the cost of developing or operating geothermal resources;
The unknown future impact on our business from the Dodd-Frank Act and the rules to be promulgated thereunder;
Competition, including risks associated with marketing and selling power in the evolving energy markets;
The expiration or early termination of our PPAs and the related results on revenues;
Future capacity revenues may not occur at expected levels;
Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods, acts of terrorism or cyber attacks that may impact our power plants or the markets our power plants serve and our corporate headquarters;
Disruptions in or limitations on the transportation of natural gas, fuel oil and transmission of power;
Our ability to manage our customer and counterparty exposure and credit risk, including our commodity positions;
Our ability to attract, motivate and retain key employees;
Present and possible future claims, litigation and enforcement actions; and
Other risks identified in this press release and in our 2012 Form 10-K.
Given the risks and uncertainties surrounding forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on these statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release. Other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
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