Wind energy is set to become a leading source of electricity generation in Eastern and Central Europe by 2020 if local governments can cement supporting policies in time, according to a new report by the EWEA.
The EWEA (European Wind Energy Association) report, which is entitled Eastern Winds – Emerging European Wind Power Markets, analyzes the wind markets in Europe, Turkey, Russia and Ukraine.
The study shows that installed capacity is already strong: in Poland it grew by 1,840%, in Hungary by around 1,800%, and in the Czech Republic by over 670% between 2005 and 2011. Growth for the EU as a whole was 131% for the same period.
Turkey, which the report says has ‘one of best growth rates for wind capacity in Europe’, is aiming to rocket its wind power capacity from 2.3 gigawatts to 20 gigawatts by 2023, with other countries also setting ambitious targets.
CLEAN ENEGY POLICY
The study concludes that wind energy will become a significant power source for Europe by 2020, but only if there is a stable legal framework in each country.
Christian Kjaer, Chief Executive Officer, EWEA said: “Wind energy in Central and Eastern Europe, including Turkey, will substantially reduce the fossil fuel dependency of the power sectors. But some countries – such as the Czech Republic, Hungary and Bulgaria – are without stable renewable energy legislation, and investors and banks will withdraw unless governments put in place long-term renewable energy policies.”
Legislation which is already helping achieve Europe’s rapid wind power growth is the directive which was adopted by the EU in 2009, which set binding national targets for the share of clean energy in each of the 27 EU Member States.
The directive requires each Member State to produce targets for wind power installations and production for 2010 until 2020, with the 27 EU Member States set to produce a total of 213.4 gigawatts of wind energy capacity in 2020.
Almost 16 gigawatts (7.4%) is expected from the 12 newer Member States, which is the equivalent of the electricity supply of 9 million households.
Luc Bas, Director of European Programs and International States and Regions, The Climate Group commented: “The renewable energy sector is a good example of how Central and Eastern European countries can benefit from the development of a strong low carbon economy. Clear policy frameworks are crucial to the further development of the immense potential in this sector and others. Both the EU and its member states should keep up that momentum when developing the post-2020 legislative framework.”
Source: The Climate Group
For more information on: The Climate Group